360°Exterior View
360°Interior View

994K Wheel Loader

  • Overview
  • Finance With CavPower
  • Optional Services
  • View product Download
CALCULATE FINANCE

Structures

Power Train

Hydraulics

Operator Station

Technology Solutions

Cat MineStar System

Safety

Serviceability

Customer Support

Sustainability

Buckets and Ground Engaging Tools

System Match Efficiency

Engine
Net Power 1297 kW (1739 HP)
Engine Model Cat® 3516E
Bore 170 mm (6.7 in)
Stroke 215 mm (8.5 in)
Displacement 78.1 l (4766 inu00b3)
Rated Speed 1,600 rpm
Emissions U.S. EPA Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV* or U.S. EPA Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent
Gross Power - SAE J1995 1394 kW (1870 HP)
Peak Torque - 1,200 rpm - SAE J1995 11591 N·m (8549 lb/ft)
Torque Rise 39%
Net Power - SAE J1349 - Standard Ambient 1297 kW (1739 HP)
Operating Specifications
Operating Weight 242605 kg (534852 lb)
Bucket Capacity Range 17.2 - 43.6 mu00b3 (22.3 - 57 ydu00b3)
Rated Payload - Standard Lift (Moderate to High Digging Resistance) 40.8 t (45 ton (US))
Rated Payload - Standard Lift (Low to Moderate Digging Resistance) 54.4 t (60 ton (US))
Rated Payload - High Lift (Moderate to High Digging Resistance) 38.1 t (42 ton (US))
Rated Payload - High Lift (Low to Moderate Digging Resistance) 49.9 t (55 ton (US))
Bucket Capacity Range - Iron Ore 17.2 - 21.4 mu00b3 (22.3 - 28 ydu00b3)
Bucket Capacity Range - Rock 19.1 - 29.1 mu00b3 (25 - 38 ydu00b3)
Bucket Capacity Range - Coal 32.1 - 43.6 mu00b3 (42 - 57 ydu00b3)
Note *In Low to Moderate Digging Resistance: please contact your local dealer to determine if your application is suitable for this increased rated payload
Transmission
Transmission Type Cat Planetary Power Shift
Forward - 1 7.4 km/h (4.6 mile/h)
Forward - 2 12.9 km/h (8 mile/h)
Forward - 3 21.9 km/h (13.6 mile/h)
Reverse - 1 8.1 km/h (5 mile/h)
Reverse - 2 14.1 km/h (8.8 mile/h)
Reverse - 3 24 km/h (14.9 mile/h)
Direct Drive - Forward 3 24.5 km/h (15.2 mile/h)
Direct Drive - Reverse 3 27 km/h (16.8 mile/h)
Direct Drive - Reverse 1 Lock-up disables
Direct Drive - Forward 2 14 km/h (8.7 mile/h)
Direct Drive - Reverse 2 15.5 km/h (9.6 mile/h)
Direct Drive - Forward 1 Lock-up disables
Hydraulic System - Lift/Tilt
Relief Valve Setting - Lift/Tilt 32500 kPa (4587 psi)
Maximum Flow at 1,700 rpm Engine Speed 2047 l/min (541 gal/min)
Cylinders, Double Acting - Tilt, Bore and Stroke 310 u00d7 1086 mm (12.2 u00d7 42.8 in)
Cylinders, Double Acting - Lift, Bore and Stroke 370 u00d7 1713 mm (14.6 u00d7 67.4 in)
Pilot System Open Loop and Pressure Reducing
Lift/Tilt System - Pump Variable Displacement Piston
Lift/Tilt System - Circuit Positive Flow Control
Hydraulic Cycle Times
Raise 12.6 s (12.6 s)
Dump 3.1 s (3.1 s)
Rack Back 4.9 s (4.9 s)
Lower Float Down 4.2 s (4.2 s)
Complete System Fill
Hydraulic Tank - Steering and Braking 379 l (100 gal (US))
Transmission 416 l (110 gal (US))
Fuel Tank - Standard 3445 l (910 gal (US))
Hydraulic Tank - Implement and Hydraulic Fan 1022 l (270 gal (US))
Engine Crankcase 288 l (76 gal (US))
Cooling System 520 l (138 gal (US))
Fuel Tank - With 24 hr Attachment 5678 l (1500 gal (US))
Differential - Final Drives - Rear 757 l (200 gal (US))
Differential - Final Drives - Front 833 l (220 gal (US))
Buckets
Bucket Capacities 19.1-43.6 m3 (25-57 yd3)
Axles
Front Fixed
Rear Trunnion
Oscillation Angle 9u00b0
Brakes
Brakes ISO 3450:2011
Sound Performance - Standard
Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) - Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent 72 dB(A) (72 dB(A))
Machine Sound Level (ISO 6395:2008) 119 dB(A) (119 dB(A))
Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) - Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV* 72 dB(A) (72 dB(A))
Hydraulic System - Steering
Maximum Flow at 1,700 rpm Engine Speed 980 l/min (259 gal/min)
Relief Valve Setting - Steering 31000 kPa (4496 psi)
Steering System - Circuit Pilot, Load Sensing
Total Steering Angle 80 degrees
Steering System - Pump Piston, Variable Displacement
Complete System Fill
Oil Renewal System (ORS)* 75.7 l (20 gal (US))
Cooling System
Ambient Capability Hydraulically Driven Demand Fan - Standard 43 u00b0C (40.8 u00b0F)
Dimensions - Standard Lift - Approximate
Front Axle Centerline to Bucket Tip 6503 mm (21.3 ft)
Rack Back Angle - Ground Level 39.7 degrees
Clearance at Maximum Lift 6167 mm (20.2 ft)
Ground to Top of ROPS 7118.5 mm (23.4 ft)
Maximum Overall Length 19508 mm (64 ft)
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Rack Back Angle - Carry 53.7 degrees
Dimensions - Standard Lift - Approximate
Maximum Overall Height - Bucket Raised 11771 mm (38.6 ft)
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Reach - Maximum Lift 2688 mm (8.8 ft)
Ground to Lower Hitch Clearance 898 mm (2.9 ft)
Dimensions - Standard Lift - Approximate
Reach - Maximum Lift 2821 mm (9.3 ft)
Rack Angle at Maximum Lift 59.5 degrees
Ground to Top of Exhaust Stacks 7067 mm (23.2 ft)
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Maximum Overall Length 20102 mm (66 ft)
Ground to Bumper Clearance 1355 mm (4.4 ft)
Complete System Fill
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) (Tier 4 Final/Stage IV) 519 l (137 gal (US))
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Rack Back Angle - Ground Level 45.0 degrees
Tread Width 4300 mm (14.1 ft)
Cooling System
Ambient Capability Hydraulically Driven Demand Fan - High (Tier 4 Final) 53 u00b0C (127.4 u00b0F)
Dimensions - Standard Lift - Approximate
Ground to Bumper Clearance 1355 mm (4.4 ft)
Dump Angle at Maximum Lift u201350.0 degrees
Sound Performance - Standard
Sound Performance The measurement was conducted at 70 percent of the maximum engine cooling fan speed. Hearing protection may be needed when the machine is operated with a cab that is not properly maintained or when the doors or windows are open for extended periods or in a noisy environment.
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Clearance at Maximum Lift 7095 mm (23.3 ft)
Sound Performance - Suppression
Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) - Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV* 71 dB(A) (71 dB(A))
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Dump Angle at Maximum Lift u201350.0 degrees
Rear Axle - Centerline to Bumper 6205 mm (20.4 ft)
Dimensions - Standard Lift - Approximate
Width - Over Tires - With Bulge 5758 mm (18.8 ft)
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Ground to Center of Axles 1820 mm (6 ft)
Cooling System
Ambient Capability Hydraulically Driven Demand Fan - High (Tier 1 equivalent) 55 u00b0C (131 u00b0F)
Sound Performance - Suppression
Note *EU Stage V ready.
Hydraulic System - Steering
Steering Cycle Times - Low Idle 7.6 s (7.6 s)
Engine
Note (4) *Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV configuration is ready to meet Stage V emission requirements once in effect.
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Wheel Base 6800 mm (22.3 ft)
Sound Performance - Suppression
Machine Sound Level (ISO 6395:2008) 117 dB(A) (117 dB(A))
Hydraulic System - Steering
Steering Cycle Times - High Idle 4.3 s (4.3 s)
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Maximum Overall Height - Bucket Raised 12545 mm (41.2 ft)
Ground to Top of Hood 5682 mm (18.6 ft)
Width - Over Tires - With Bulge 5760 mm (18.8 ft)
Hydraulic Cycle Times
Total Hydraulic Cycle Time - Empty Bucket 23.5 s (23.5 s)
Dimensions - Standard Lift - Approximate
Ground to Center of Axles 1820 mm (6 ft)
Engine
Net Power - SAE J1349 - High Ambient 1265 kW (1696 HP)
Complete System Fill
Note *Not available on Tier 4 Final machines. Not available in all regions.
Dimensions - Standard Lift - Approximate
Tread Width 4300 mm (14.1 ft)
Note Assumes 22.9 m3 (30 yd3) bucket for standard lift, and 21.4 m3 (28 yd3) bucket for high lift, fitted with Cat Advansys™ heavy duty tips. Assumes tire size 58/85-57.
B-Pin Height - Maximum Lift 8790 mm (28.8 ft)
Rack Back Angle - Carry 47.7 degrees
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
B-Pin Height - Maximum Lift 9647 mm (31.7 ft)
Engine
Note (1) The power ratings apply when tested under the reference conditions for the specified standard.
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Ground to Top of Exhaust Stacks 7067 mm (23.2 ft)
Dimensions - Standard Lift - Approximate
Rear Axle - Centerline to Bumper 6205 mm (20.4 ft)
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Front Axle Centerline to Bucket Tip 7097 mm (23.3 ft)
Engine
Note (2) The net power advertised is the power available at the flywheel when the engine is equipped with fan, alternator, air cleaner, and muffler.
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Rack Angle at Maximum Lift 59.4 degrees
Dimensions - Standard Lift - Approximate
Ground to Lower Hitch Clearance 898 mm (2.9 ft)
Engine
Note (3) The gross power advertised is with the fan at maximum speed.
Dimensions - Standard Lift - Approximate
Ground to Top of Hood 5682 mm (18.6 ft)
Wheel Base 6800 mm (22.3 ft)
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Ground to Top of ROPS 7118.5 mm (23.4 ft)
Sound Performance - Standard
Note *EU Stage V ready.
Sound Performance - Suppression
Sound Performance The measurement was conducted at 70 percent of the maximum engine cooling fan speed. Hearing protection may be needed when the machine is operated with a cab that is not properly maintained or when the doors or windows are open for extended periods or in a noisy environment.
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Note Assumes 22.9 m3 (30 yd3) bucket for standard lift, and 21.4 m3 (28 yd3) bucket for high lift, fitted with Cat Advansys™ heavy duty tips. Assumes tire size 58/85-57.
Sound Performance - Suppression
Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) - Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent 71 dB(A) (71 dB(A))
Transmission
Note Travel speeds based on 58/85-57 tires.

Standard Equipment

  • NOTE
    • Standard and optional equipment may vary. Consult your Cat dealer for details.
  • POWER TRAIN
    • Engine, 3516E High Displacement (HD) Mechanical Electronic Unit Injector (MEUI™-A), Air-to-Air Aftercooling (ATAAC) diesel, turbocharged/aftercooled
    • Engine prelube
    • Fuel priming pump (electric)
    • Ground-level engine shutoff
    • Engine air intake (above hood) precleaner
    • Aluminum Modular Radiator (AMR)
    • Automatic, ether starting aid
    • Electronic throttle lock
    • Impeller Clutch Torque Converter (ICTC) with Lock-Up Clutch and rimpull control system
    • Rimpull control system
    • Planetary powershift, 3F/3R electronic control transmission
    • Delayed engine shutdown
    • Oil-cooled, multi-disc, service brakes
    • Electro-hydraulic parking brake
  • LINKAGE
    • Standard lift (40.8 tonnes/45 tons face, 54.4 tonnes/60 tons loose)
  • ELECTRICAL
    • Alternator
    • Dry batteries
    • 10/15 amp, 24V to 12V converter
    • Disconnect switch to bumper
    • LED warning lights (pattern selectable)
    • LED lighting system (working lights, access and service platform lights, turn signals/hazard lights)
    • Emergency jump-start receptacle
    • Starter and transmission lockout in bumper
    • 24V starting and charging system
    • Electric starters
    • 24V starting and charging system
    • Electric starters
  • OPERATOR ENVIRONMENT
    • Bonded glass, tinted
    • Premium seat with heated and actively cooled leather, adjustable lumbar support, air adjustable bolsters on the seat and backrest, seat cushion tilt adjustment, and adjustable length seat cushion
    • Dual lever lift and tilt function controls
    • Implement kickouts
    • Air conditioner
    • Cab pressure indicator
    • Graphical touchscreen information display conveys real-time operating information and payload measurement
    • Heater, defroster, auto temperature controls
    • Gauge instrumentation
      – DEF Level, if equipped
      – Coolant temperature
      – Hydraulic oil temperature
      – Fuel level
      – Power train oil temperature
      – Engine speed (tachometer)
      – Transmission gear
      – Ground speed
      – Engine hour meter
    • Warning/indicator instrumentation
      – Low DEF Level, if equipped
      – Three category action alert system
      – Brake malfunction
      – Bucket float status
      – Delayed engine shutdown status
      – Engine idle shutdown status
      – Engine malfunction
      – Fuel economy mode enable status
      – Hydraulic lockout
      – Lockup clutch enable status
      – Low fuel level
      – Parking brake status
      – Quick shift enable status
      – Rimpull control enable status
      – Seat belt warning
      – Secondary steering
      – Throttle lock status
      – Transmission gear
      – Turn signal
    • Keypad control with indicator lights
      – Fuel economy mode
      – Implement kickouts
      – Lockup clutch
      – Manual lube
      – Quickshift enable
      – Rimpull control system
      – Side rearview mirror heater
      – Throttle lock
      – Turn signals
      – Dash backlight control
      – Hazard lights
    • Dome light in cab
    • Lunchbox and beverage holders
    • Steering and Transmission Integrated Control (STIC™) system
    • Sun screen, pull down (front and rear)
    • Vital Information Management System (VIMS™) with Information Display: external data port, Cycle Timer, integrated Cat Production Measurement (CPM)
    • Keypad, messenger, ET, VIMS
    • Coat hook
  • SAFETY
    • Electric (field and shop) horns
    • Ground-access ladders
    • Rear-vision camera
    • Front frame access with steps
    • Front walkway around cab
    • Pump bay access ladders with T-handle and platform
    • Tie-offs on ROPS and radiator guards
    • Steering frame lock
    • Stairways on both sides of the machine
    • LED stairway and access lights
    • Toe kicks
    • Retractable seatbelt, 76 mm (3 in) wide
    • Trainer seat with lap belt, 76 mm (3 in) wide
    • Back-up alarm
    • Secondary steering
  • MACHINE CONTROL AND GUIDANCE
    • CPM Payload Weighing System
  • FUEL TANK
    • 12 hour (3440 L/910 gal)
  • COOLING
    • Standard ambient package (recommended for site conditions that do not exceed 43° C [110° F])
  • SERVICE
    • Ground-level service center including:
      – Service center light
      – Implement and cooling fan oil level indicator
      – Steering and brake oil level indicator
      – Window washer solvent level indicator
      – Transmission oil level indicator
      – DEF level indicator (if equipped)
      – Fuel level indicator
      – Engine oil level indicator
      – Engine coolant level indicator
      – Automatic lubrication system grease tank level indicator
      – DEF purge indicator lamp
      – Starter lockout and LED
      – Heavy-duty battery disconnect switch
      – Stairway light switch
      – Service lighting switch (if equipped)
      – Fuel shutoff engine shutdown switch
      – Engine oil fast-fill port
      – Transmission oil fast-fill port
      – Steering and brake hydraulic oil fast-fill port
      – Steering and brake hydraulic oil drain port
      – Oil renewal system fast-fill port
      – Engine coolant fast-fill port
      – DEF fill port (HRC only)
      – Implement and cooling fan hydraulic oil fast-fill port
      – Implement and cooling hydraulic oil drain port
      – Automatic lubrication system grease tank fill port
      – 24V jump-start receptacle
      – 240V jacket water and engine oil heater plug (if equipped)
      – 12V power port
      – VIMS key switch
      – 14-pin machine data port
      – VIMS Messenger display
    • In-tank mounted cartridge-type case drain filters with in-line magnetic plugs on implement, cooling fan, brake and steering pumps
    • High-pressure screens on the output side of implement, cooling fan, brake and steering pumps
    • Pump efficiency monitoring
    • Automatic lubrication system greases the linkage, hitch, steering and axle trunnion bearings
    • Electronic pressure control of the automatic lubrication system eliminates pressure adjustment and monitors grease thickness for temperature compatibility
    • Rock guards on linkage grease lines
    • Cat O-ring face seal couplings
    • Lockable service access doors
    • Ecology drains for engine, radiator, hydraulic tank, steering and brake tank, brake cooling tank and axles
    • High-speed engine oil change system
    • Ground-level fast-fill fuel system
    • Transmission guard
    • Drawbar hitch with pin
    • Cat XT™ hoses
    • Left-side service center
    • Oil sampling valves
  • EFFICIENCY
    • Economy Mode
    • Variable displacement implement pumps
    • Variable displacement load sensing steering
    • Variable displacement cooling fan pump
    • Torque converter lock-up clutch

Optional Equipment

  • NOTE
    • Standard and optional equipment may vary. Consult your Cat dealer for details.
  • SPARE RIMS
    • 1118 mm (44″) 152 mm (44 _ 57) (6″) flange
    • 1194 mm (47″) 152 mm (44 _ 57) (6″) flange
    • 1194 mm (47″) 127 mm (47 _ 57) (5″) flange
  • SOUND
    • Sound-suppression package
  • RIMS AND TIRES
    • Rims – 1118 mm (44″) (44 _ 57) 152 mm (6″) flange. For use with 53.5/85-5776PR L5 tires
    • Tires – 53.5/85-57 FS 76PR L5 (require 44″ rims)
    • Rims – 1194 mm (47″) (47 _ 57) 127 mm (5″) flange. For use with 60/80 R57L5R XMine D2 SR tires
    • Tires – 58/85-57 84PR L4 (require 47″ rims)
    • Rims – 1194 mm (47″) (47 _ 57) 152 mm (6″) flange. For use with 58/85-5784PR L4 tires
  • ELECTRICAL
    • Service lights
  • POWER TRAIN
    • Oil Renewal System (ORS) (Not available on Tier 4 Final machines. Not available in all regions.)
  • LINKAGE
    • High lift (38.1 tonnes/42 tons face, 49.9 tonnes/55 tons loose)
  • OPERATOR ENVIRONMENT
    • Rubber-mounted, high-impact resistant solar control glass (Complies with AS/NZS 2080)
    • Joystick lift and tilt function controls
    • AM/FM/AUX radio
    • AM/FM/AUX/USB/BT/CD/SAT radio
  • SAFETY
    • Powered ground-access stairs
    • Cat Detect (Rear Object Detection)
    • Wheel chocks
  • COLD WEATHER
    • Cold-weather cooling fan bypass (recommended for temperatures below –29° C [–20° F])
    • Heavy-duty starter (provides an additional electric starter motor and two additional batteries for a total of three starter motors and six batteries) (recommended for temperatures below 0� C [32� F])
    • 240V engine oil and coolant heating elements (recommended in conditions from –18° C to –30° C [0° F to –22° F])
    • Fuel heater (heated by recirculation using engine heat and a heat exchanger) (recommended in conditions from –18° C to –30° C [0° F to –22° F])
    • Heated mirrors (recommended for below-freezing temperatures)
  • MACHINE CONTROL AND GUIDANCE
    • Cat Terrain ready
  • FUEL TANK
    • 24 hour (5700 L/1,506 gal)
  • COOLING
    • High ambient package (recommended for site conditions that do not exceed 53° C [127° F])

Enquiry Form

    REQUEST A CALL BACK
    This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.